Flavia Bossi (Postdoc) Since college, I have always been interested in the regulation of gene expression; promoters and transcription factors are still my favorite areas of study. Following that interest, I joined Patricia Leon’s lab at the Instituto de Biotecnologia (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico) to work on the functional characterization of an AP2/ERF transcription factor involved in the glucose signaling pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana. It was a challenging Ph.D. project that excited, frustated, and at times puzzled me.

Early in 2010, I decided to join Sue Rhee’s lab to study a family of regulatory proteins important for another level of gene regulation – targeted degradation of proteins. I was drawn to the Rhee lab for several different reasons. 1- to try to grasp the way of thinking of bioinformatitians (learn basic bioinformatics along the way), 2- to be part of an interesting multidisciplinary group, 3- looking for something new and outside of my comfort zone.

Even though science eats up most of my time, I do have other interests. My most beloved hobbie has always been dance, both taking classes and enjoying dance performances. Moving to the Bay Area introduced me to another art form which is now one of my hobbies too: taiko drumming. And last but not least, I have a family-shared pastime: to play video-games. Favorite console? Nintendo DS … by far.

Taehyong Kim (Postdoc)  When I was a 5th-grade elementary school boy, I was so absorbed in spending time on a ‘computer’ (I think that it was more like a complex calculator at that time). I have totally indulged in simple computer games and programming on a black and white monitor. Indeed, I took BASIC programming classes after-school to develop calculators, games and so on. That was my first temptation and motivation to the life of my current career.

During my Ph.D. research in the department of computer science at SUNY Buffalo, I learned that tremendous knowledge could be obtained from dynamic interactions in nature, which contains invaluable but extremely huge amount of data. In fact, with the recent success of biotechnology, massive data are created and queuing up for analysis every day. The fascinating part of computational biology is that hundreds of thousands of data could be evaluated and analyzed in a timely manner, which would not even have been imagined without the help of computational analysis. I am interested in understanding dynamic relations of living organisms using network representation of cells, proteins and metabolites. Since I joined the Rhee Lab, I have been working on the metabolic networks of Arabidopsis by knocking out genes to characterize the changes in the metabolic network and eventually infer functions of unknown genes with metabolic profiling.

For most of my spare time, I am trying to enjoy the beautiful Californian mountains, parks and beaches with great sunshine. I also like listening to music, singing songs, having beer with friends, jogging, golfing and so on.

Peifen Zhang (Director, Plant Metabolic Network) I love the pure beauty of plants and flowers, and am amazed by the modern techniques in molecular biology in seeking out answers to the ‘what’ and ‘how’ questions. I chose to focus on plant genetics for my Ph. D. thesis and had the good fortune of training with Tom Peterson at Iowa State University. I learned how to connect the dots and make a fact-backed story. After some additional years of postdoctoral research, I no longer had the extreme but necessary patience waiting for results at the bench, nor the nerve to take the seemingly endless failures of experiments. So I moved on to the field of bio-database development and biocuration and was fortunate enough to work on the TAIR and, later, PMN projects. I enjoy, very much, the multidisciplinary environment of bio-database development and biocuration, ranging from wet-lab results, to computational predictions, to ontology development and database implementation, and overall, the operation as a whole.

Outside of work and two small kids, I am interested in observing things that are visually beautiful, architectures of houses and gardens, interior designs and more.

Meng Xu (Postdoc) I got my Ph.D. from University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), where I did experimental work on protein x-ray crystallography for a year and then turned to computational research. Fascinated by the complex nature of biological networks, I compared protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks among different species to find conserved subnetworks, and investigated the coevolution between interacting proteins.

I joined Sue Rhee's lab in November 2011 to continue research on biological networks. My work with Sue includes building membrane PPI network of Arabidopsis thaliana from large-scale yeast two hybrid array data using split ubiquitin system, and finding new functional modules by probing other biological information(e.g. metabolic pathways, Gene Ontology annotations, etc.). We are also interested in correlations among different functional modules at a system level. I would like to build biological models based on computational and statistical research and test them using experimental approaches.

Usually, I don't separate work and life very clearly. But I do have hobbies after turning off my laptop. I love gardening(especially orchids like Phalaenopsis and Dendrobium), sports(swimming, jogging, table tennis) and cooking for my family (grateful my wife and son for not complaining about that).

Jianjun (Jim) Guo (Postdoc) I was drawn to plant molecular biology by my aspiration to understand and discover how living organisms operate at the molecular level. Driven by this aspiration, I did my Ph.D. with Dr. Jin-Gui Chen at University of British Columbia, Canada, where I studied the function of a small gene family RACK1 (Receptor for activated C-protein kinase 1) in abscisic acid-mediated stress signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana. Upon graduation, I obtained a two-year post-doctoral fellowship from NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada). I spent my first year in Dr. Jen Sheen’s group at Harvard University, where I focused on using transient expression system to probe the molecular function of genes involved in KIN10-mediated stress and energy signaling pathway. Seeing the potential of bioinformatics and statistics in deciphering the molecular network that directs plant traits, I did my second year of the NSERC fellowship in Dr. Gerald A Tuskan’s group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). At ORNL, I learned how to use genome wide association study to identify genes associated with increased biofuel production in Populus trichocarpa and characterized the function of these genes using protoplast transient expression system.

I was attracted to Prof. Rhee’s group by her reputation in developing and implementing computational tools to effectively guide the functional characterization of genes and networks. Her group offers me a great opportunity to explore approaches to effectively bridge computational biology and experimental biology, plus a pleasant and stimulating working environment. Currently, I am interested in combining the genetic association and network-guided association methods to identify novel genes/pathways involved in plant adaptation to abiotic stress conditions, and characterizing their mode of function using genetic, molecular and cellular biological approaches.

I have been an indoor person outside of my research life, enjoying the muscle sore after a workout. I have been spending much more time outdoors since I came to Palo Alto. I can’t resist the temptation of the delightful weather. The good news is: there is no lack of outdoor places to explore in California!

Hye-In Nam (Research Assistant) 

Jue Fan (Postdoc) I got my B. Sc from University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) and a Ph.D in Computational Chemistry from Clark Univeristy. My Ph.D. work in Dr. Sharon Huo's group focused on studying the structural properties of biomolecules using computational tools. The folding of individual proteins could have a large impact on the  organism as a whole, and understanding protein folding may facilitate drug design to target misfolded proteins associated with deseases. We use graphs to represent the complicated networks of protein conformational changes.

Along with the interests in structural biology, I am always curious about a broader and more general field of bioinformatics. To learn biology and master bioinformatic approaches, I joined Dr. Sue Rhee's lab in May 2013. This is a perfect place for me to seek more knowledge and skills in the area, because everyone in this group has a very unique background, ranging from experimentalists, computational biologists, and computer scientists. My project in Dr. Rhee's lab is to prioritize candidate quantitative trait genes (QTGs) of a C4 model plant Setaria by integrating different levels and types of evidences into consideration. I also work on analyzing transcriptomic and genomic differences of two ecotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana that have adapted different strategies to deal with salt stress.

I am a curious person and I'd like to explore anything unknown. In my spare time, I love to travel, both in cities and national parks. I also like to read novels and watch sports.


Chuan Wang (postdoc) I got my B.Sc. in Biology from China Agricultural University, I worked on sequence alignment algorithms towards the goal of obtaining better fold recognition and alignment accuracy. I have also been developing methods for identifying new members of protein families using structural alignments (e.g. WD40-containing proteins).

I joined Sue Rhee's group in October 2012. I am developing better methods for predicting transporters and their detailed functions, so that we can include them for reconstructing metabolic networks.

I study, I work, and I play a lot. Karaoke is my favorite and I am really a good singer. I also dance, and play badminton. I have been travelling through places and trying so many different things since I met my wife Lan and waved computer games good bye in 2006. I love her and my family.

Michael Banf (Postdoc) During my Ph.D., I enjoyed reading about a wide variety of fields in science and stumbled upon Genetics. As a computer scientist with a background in Electrical Engineering, I became increasingly fascinated about how information is encoded in the DNA and the circuit-like genetic pathways and networks in biological systems. I started asking questions about how machine learning and mathematical modeling can contribute to the analysis of the regulation of these complex mechanisms. In finishing my Ph.D. project on auditory image understanding for the visually impaired, I started searching for a postdoctoral position in the area of computational systems biology and came across the Rhee lab.

The lab is engaged in systematically elucidating the regulation of metabolic and signaling pathways in plants using experimental as well as computational approaches, which allows me to start my research on developing computational models of transcriptional gene regulation in these pathways and collaborate with experienced biologists. The focus on plants is a great research opportunity, because little is known about the regulatory mechanisms, in comparison to animals and microbes, although plants provide the essentials to allow life on Earth.

Apart from the scientific stuff, I love to read inspiring biographies or the works by great analytical thinkers, such as J. Polkinghorne, C.S. Lewis or B. Pascal, on some of life’s tough questions. To clear my head, I enjoy training Krav Maga, playing the piano, watching movies or Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and listening to music… especially Hans Zimmer soundtracks.

  Pascal Schläpfer (Postdoc)
  In-Seob Han (Visiting Professor, Ulsan University, Korea)

Phong K. Nguyen (Intern) I am very happy to have finally connected two very different components of life: my more passive aesthetic appreciation of plants and my more active need to solve problems and think about puzzles.

Having completed a B.A. in math at UC Berkeley in 2014, I've joined Sue Rhee's lab in order to give stronger direction to my intellectual life: solving biological puzzles. Currently, I am working on a multi-faceted project to elucidate the mechanisms of salt tolerance in Arabidopsis. After much collaborative work, our lab is finally in the hunt for the genes that are responsible for causing variation in fecundity in response to salinity, which is all very amazing for me to witness, as someone who is completely new to biology research.

Group Photo, Summer of 2013

 From left: Sue Rhee, Hey-In Nam, Lessley Peterson, Jim Guo, Catherine Doyle, Lan Jiang, Flavia Bossi, Chuan Wang, Caryn Johansen, Lee Chae, Taehyong Kim, Meng Xu, Jue Fan, Kate Dreher, Peifen Zhang, Ricardo Nilo Poyanco